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UN agencies scale-up response to address looming famine ‘catastrophe’ in Tigray
The head of the World Food Programme (WFP) appealed on Thursday for immediate access to deliver lifesaving assistance to Ethiopia’s Tigray region, where ongoing fighting between government and regional forces has put some 350,000 people at risk of famine.   David Beasley, WFP Executive Director, said access is essential to avoid a catastrophe, with alarming new data confirming four million people there fac...
190 years since the birth of James Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell FRSE FRS (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics. His most notable achievement was to formulate the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation, bringing together for the first time electricity, magnetism, and light as different manifestations of the same phenomenon. Maxwell's equations for electromagnetism have been called the...
Child labour figure rises to 160 million, as COVID puts many more at risk
For the first time in two decades, the number of children being put to work has risen – to 160 million worldwide, representing an increase of 8.4 million over four years – while millions of other are at risk due to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new UN report launched on Thursday. The report, Child Labour: Global estimates 2020, trends and the road forward, published by the International Labour Organ...
Synthesis of graphene at room temperature will strengthen composites for aerospace
A unique method for the synthesis of multigraphene films at room temperature was created by the NUST MISIS research team. This will allow applying multigraphen to the surface of low-melting metal powders to create qualitatively new 3D composites. The work is published in the journal Materials Chemistry and Physics. Graphene additives in materials used in 3D printing improve the mechanical and functional pr...
Scientists discover new gene for circadian rhythms
A team of biologists, physiologists, and neurologists has discovered an important regulatory DNA molecule that is responsible for the amplitude of circadian rhythms. So far, the study was conducted only on cultured mouse cells, but scientists are confident that a similar gene exists in humans. Circadian rhythms are 24-hour cycles that run in the background so that a person can perform basic functions. One ...
Mysterious Extinction Kills 70 Percent of Sharks on Earth
Scientists have discovered a previously unknown shark mass extinction event that wiped out the global population of these marine predators about 19 million years ago. It is currently a mystery what happened to the shark population, but the authors of the study say that as a result of this event, sharks almost completely disappeared from the world's oceans. Sharks and their ancestors have been swimming ...
Blood-based Biomarker Can Detect 13 Neurodegenerative Diseases
A new study published in the journal Nature Communications reports that a single blood-based biomarker can detect the presence of 13 neurodegenerative diseases, from frontotemporal dementia to motor neuron disease. The test cannot specifically distinguish between each disorder, but is instead proposed as a way to determine whether patients suffer from memory problems from the early stages of the neurodegen...

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